I’m going to start adding photos of my wife Betty’s quilts to the blog. Here’s the first one. This is her most recent quilt. She’s finished all the piecing, and it’s ready to be sent out for quilting.
I need to lose weight, and modern weight-loss regimens involving less eating and more exercise clearly don’t work. If they did, everyone would be slim. Diets that are high in protein and low in carbohydrate do work, as many studies have shown:
• Vilhjalmur Stefansson travelled with Inuit groups, and over five years ate the same diet as them, just about 100% caribou meat. He observed that he, the Inuit, as well as northern Europeans (like us) who ate the same diet of meat as them, were among the healthiest of people he had ever seen.
• Blake Donaldson treated thousands of obese patients with a diet high in fat and protein and low in carbs (including sugar, flour, alcohol, and starch) and a low, but not zero ration of raw fruit or root vegetables. Most of his patients lost two to three pounds per week.
• Alfred Pennington learned about the diet from Donaldson and prescribed it to his patients, beginning around 1944. George Gerhmann, at the highly regarded medical department at Dupont, also tried the meat diet on the overweight executives at the company, after calorie-reduction and exercise regimens failed.
• Margaret Ohlson and Charlotte Young did similar research into the meat diet, and published journal articles describing their positive results. The articles were ignored, but thousands of obese and overweight patients lost appreciable amounts of weight without starving themselves.
I am losing weight on this diet: about four pounds per week so far.
I also need to lower my blood sugar, and if possible by means other than giving myself insulin. In the few days since I started this diet, my insulin needs have sharply decreased: down to a quarter of my usual overnight dose, and down to ZERO of the mealtime dose on a couple of days so far.
I’ll address a few common objections to this diet:
1) If you don’t eat enough starch or sugar, you’ll starve your brain of glucose.
The liver has been synthesizing glucose and delivering it to the brain for hundreds of millions of years. It’s inconceivable that such an important biological function could depend on the vagaries of diet.
2) Your diet is deficient in a number of important nutrients.
All the vitamins and amino acids required by the body are present in meat, eggs, and dairy. It is known that a high carbohydrate diet, leading to high levels of blood sugars including glucose, is a cause of nutrient deficiencies. For example, Vitamin C and glucose have a similar molecular structure, and the two molecules compete for cellular receptor sites. Glucose wins, which causes the deficiency of Vitamin C. There is observational evidence that victims of scurvy only succumbed to the disease if their diets lacked Vitamin C AND were high in refined carbohydrate and sugar. Although eating fruit can cure scurvy, it does not follow that a lack of fruit causes it.
In any case, I am continuing to take vitamin and mineral supplements, and I’ll ask for bloodwork to evaluate whether I have any other deficiencies.
3) It’s important to eat a variety of foods in order to maintain health.
This very reasonable recommendation, asserted by everyone, lacks any scientific proof. It is based on the observation that some foods can correct dietary deficiencies, but without establishing that a lack of these foods actually causes these deficiencies. Again, sugar and starch could be the culprit in many of these deficiencies. A diet of meat is just as healthy, in terms of nutrients, as a diet of vegetables. Potatoes and bananas may be good sources of potassium, but that doesn’t mean we have to eat them.
4) Meat contains too much fat and cholesterol.
Fat has been exonerated as an agent of heart disease or poor health in general. There is as much cholesterol, of the “good” and “bad” varieties, in every food.
5) Eating meat is bad for the planet.
This is one objection that is difficult for me to deal with. However, getting our meat from a local butcher supplied by local farmers cuts down on environmental costs of meat.
There are environmental benefits to eating meat, including red meat from cows. Cows graze on marginal land that is not suitable for farming. They eat grass, and obtain most of their water from grass, dew, rainwater, and snowmelt. Their manure nourishes more grass production. There are experiments underway in Africa where cattle are helping to expand land into desert regions by encouraging the growth of grass.
Consumption of vegetables in winter means that we are eating food that has come from hundreds or thousands of miles away, and moreover is produced by farms that exploit poor illegal immigrant workers. And most vegetables that Canadians eat in winter come from the United States, an unstable and unpredictable country.
We were coming home after our morning walk. We were on Jones Avenue, specifically on the sidewalk in front of #76. Most mornings I usually steer Gibson to the south side of this street. He doesn’t like being in the road instead of on the sidewalk, but that’s where most of the shade is. Anyway, it was cool enough this time that we were walking on the sunny north sidewalk.
Something caught my eye. It was a gleam, much brighter than the odd glitter of quartz or mica that you might see in the concrete of a sidewalk. It also had a bit of rainbow sparkle that you see from leaded glass or diamond, and at first I thought someone had lost the diamond from her ring.
We walked on a bit, and then curiosity got the better of me and we circled back. I know they write numbers on diamonds with lasers these days, and maybe I could help return the gem to its owner.
We came along in the same direction, and there it was, gleaming as before. I stopped Gibson, and we stood before the gleaming object. As I bent down towards it, I realized that it was a tiny sphere, and the gleam in it was an image of the bright morning sun, like the sparkle in someone’s eye. It seemed to get bigger as I got closer. Was it some kind of bead made of exotic glass? I reached to pick it up, and discovered that it was a perfectly clean, spherical globe of…
…sap from the evergreen tree above the sidewalk. And of course I destroyed it trying to pick it up.
Out for a late afternoon walk with Gibson. So beautiful to enter the woods with the sun shining almost horizontally through the trees. It’s been a long time since I’ve had the confidence to strike out on a long walk like that on the spur of the moment. (You don’t want to know why.)
I thought about Jeffrey Simpson, who retired this week as columnist at the Globe and Mail. In his valedictory column, he wrote of his opinion of Canada as not just a success story for multiculturalism, but as a success story for the integration of other cultures into Canada’s two mainstream cultures, the English and the French. He lamented the difficulty and reluctance of indigenous cultures to integrate in the same fashion. With all due respect (and there is much) I believe Mr Simpson missed the point, and he has missed it for many years. Don’t you suppose it might be a good idea to try just a little bit to integrate *ourselves* into indigenous culture, instead of insisting it be the other way around? We don’t even know what we *don’t* know about the history and lore of the people who have been living here for thousands of years. Perhaps with the old guard fading away into retirement, there may be new voices in our national media with a vision beyond mere truth and reconciliation.
Conservatives in Canada argue that since Stephen Harper is an economist, he’s better able to run Canada’s economy. They’ve got it exactly backwards. Why? Because economists are academics. To get published, and therefore to get noticed at university, an academic has to choose an extremely narrow focus on which to do research and to write papers. This concentration on tiny ideas forges an ideological mind-set which, in Canada’s case, has seen our economy run on the long-discredited ideology of tax cuts for the wealthy and austerity for the rest of us, along with a costly propaganda campaign to convince the country that these strategies are actually working. The result has been an economy in tatters, with ballooning national debt, increasing amounts of wealth being shunted away to the coffers of the wealthy, and costly disasters directly attributable to decaying infrastructure and lax regulation. Compounding that, in order to buy enough votes to survive, the Prime Minister requires a huge bureaucracy dedicated to administering a vastly overcomplicated tax regime that targets dozens of special interest groups.
On the other hand, a non-economist will look at the country and see poverty, illness, catastrophe, the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer. Compassion alone will fuel the drive to put more money into more people’s hands, via fairer tax policies, a higher minimum wage, and a guaranteed annual income. But a broader mind has more going for it than just compassion. There are memory, imagination, and cooperation to name just three. Historical perspective helps us remember the disasters that Thatcherism and Reganomics provoked in two of the wealthiest economies in history, driving them both to near-collapse. Imagination will help us see a way forward to unleashing the productivity of people once they no longer have to struggle just to survive, and to find new ways to control pollution, congestion, and climate change. And the spirit of cooperation can help us work together to defeat the tax-cuts-and-austerity mindset, and put the economy back into the hands of the citizenry.
And the most shameful thing about this is that they are not dirty secrets but common knowledge, yet still we do next to nothing.
I’ve been interested in lucid dreaming for a long time, and I like to keep up with news about it. A recent podcast from Radio National’s Dreams — the Lucid experience rekindled my interest, because it showed how research into lucid dreaming is now on a solid scientific footing, and because it offered practical suggestions for how to enter into lucid dreams, and because these suggestions were particularly relevant to me.
If you aren’t familiar with the concept of lucid dreaming, it’s basically the idea that you can inhabit your dreams and exert some control over them, rather than just experiencing them as a sort of movie. Many people report being capable of lucid dreaming, and many of these are scientists and other serious folk.
I’ve heard of similar phenomena, such as OBE’s (out-of-body experiences) and astral travelling, in which an observer, often identified as the soul, leaves the body and moves throughout the real world as a sort of balloon tethered to the body by a “silver cord” or some such. I accept the idea of lucid dreaming more than these other phenomena, since lucid dreaming takes place entirely inside the human head and doesn’t require any mystical hand-waving to explain it, nor does it submit to such falsifiable experiments as reading a message only visible from a floating balloon. The world experienced in lucid dreaming is decidedly a dream world and therefore congruent with ordinary dreams and not with ordinary reality.
Lucid dreaming researchers have discovered quite a few facts about the phenomenon, for example that lucid dreams occur during REM sleep, and that dreamers can signal to the outside world that they are in a lucid dream by moving their eyes in a particular pattern that was agreed upon by them while awake.
One observation that intrigued me greatly was that successful lucid dreamers can recognize aspects of their dreams that alert them to the fact that they are dreaming. These are called dream triggers. People can train themselves to recognize these triggers, and essentially take the reins of their own dreams at that point.
I have a recurrent dream about my former workplace, and this dream is often full of such triggers. For example, if I notice in my dream that I am on a staircase that I know didn’t exist in that building, this can be a trigger. The other night I was in just such a situation, perched on a very steep staircase which as usual didn’t reach the floor. I was able to say to myself “OK, if I’m in a dream, I can just launch myself and start flying.” I couldn’t bring myself to do it, though, out of fear of hurtling to the floor. However, a moment later, a woman appeared before me, and I told her, “OK, if I’m in a dream, I should be able to make you laugh.” whereupon she immediately burst out laughing. I’m hooked now, and I can’t wait to fall asleep most nights and continue the adventure.
The All in the Mind podcast talks about one experiment that flows out of lucid dreaming research, in which the duration of “dream time” can be roughly measured, and compared with the duration of “real time”. In other words, how long does ten seconds of dream time take in real time? I’ll let you discover the answer to this by listening to the podcast.
Believe it or not, modern police forces include this document in their training.
Collecting Friends on facebook seems like a fun thing to do at first, and a way of competing with other Friends to see who can make the most Friends. But facebook Friends are not the same as real friends, and you really want to work on real friendships in real life and not imaginary friendships on facebook. So, chances are, you have far more facebook Friends than you need. Here’s a guide to getting rid of the least useful of them.
- People you thought you knew. These are people who popped up on the “people you may know” column in Facebook and you clicked on them because maybe you had forgotten who they were. Or maybe their name looked like the name of someone you actually knew. Now you know they were nobody you knew, off them.
- People you friended because you thought they might broaden your outlook. These are the Republicans you hooked up with because you thought they might be interesting. They aren’t.
- Former classmates. If you weren’t friends with them then, you probably won’t be friends with them now.
- Distant relatives. Unless you actually know them, you’re better off keeping track of them in an address book or Christmas card list rather than in facebook.
- People from past jobs. Networking is not what it used to be, and people who are still with the company you left five years ago aren’t going to be much help to you now. Dump people you haven’t heard from in real life in the last six to twelve months.
- People who you thought might be interesting or exciting to know, like that hottie in shades, but turned out to be duds.
- “Sharers” whose mission in life is to hang out on quote sites or meme sites or cat sites or “quirky news” sites, and compulsively share things that are basically just noise. You may have Friends who share truly amazing finds. Keep these treasures, and toss the rest.
- Lurkers who never post anything, and never even click Like. They may very well be dead. Really.